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Essay on Elephant

Essay on Elephant

“Nature’s great masterpiece an elephant the only harmless great thing.” – JOHN DONNE

Elephants are the biggest land animals in the world. They are the biggest of all the mammals. “If size mattered, the elephant would be the king of the jungle.” – Rickson Gracie.

Many elephants together are called a herd of elephants. A baby elephant is called a calf. Calves are protected by their mothers until they are about ten years of age. They like to be touched and pampered. A mother elephant carries her baby in her body for nearly two years before it is born. This is longer than any mammal.

Elephants mainly live in grasslands and forests. Though they can be seen in zoos and animal parks in other countries as well. There are two main habitats of elephants – Asia and Africa. They are differentiated on the basis of their physical appearance on these continents. African elephants are larger and fiercer, with bigger tusks and ears as compared to Asian counterparts. Asian elephants are trained to do work. They can lift heavy loads with their strong trunks.

Elephants have thick, wrinkling grey skin and long noses called trunks. Their outlook doesn’t match with any other animal on the earth. An elephant’s trunk itself contains over fifty thousand muscles! Elephants use their trunks to smell, greet each other, and put food and water into their mouths. To keep themselves cool, they flap their ears to make a breeze. Elephants blow out water from their trunks onto their bodies to shower themselves.

Elephants mainly feed on leaves, grasses, and fruits to keep themselves going. They love bananas. Elephants’ tusks or long teeth are made of ivory. For years people have been hunting elephants for their ivory to make jewelry, piano keys and tool handles. Now, the government has set apart strict rules to protect them. Only female Asian elephants do not have tusks. 

Elephants have very few enemies apart from people. Their size, tough skin, and tusks protect them from other animals. The elephant’s closest living relative is the rabbit-like hyrax. Surprisingly it is small enough to fit in your pocket!

Over 50% of the world’s Asian elephants live in Indian jungles. Since October 2010, the Indian elephant has been declared the national heritage animal of India. The elephant is the national animal of Thailand.

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