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Are Reservation for Lower Class Fair?
he caste system divided our society into many groups. This system checked the development of our society. Social reformers took steps against the caste system and untouchability. They struggled hard to eliminate the caste system. Social reformers like Jyoti Rao Phule, Veersa Lingam, Shree Narayan Guru, Bhimrao Ambedkar and Mahatma Gandhi were against the caste system of India. After independence, social reformers started movement against the caste system in several parts of India. It was the effect of the movement that our constitution makers felt a necessity of reservation in order to help the backward classes such as scheduled caste and Scheduled Tribes. The Indian Constitution provided reservation for a period of 10 years.
actually reservation policy was made for the benefit of backward classes. No doubt several persons belonging to the backward class are being benefited by the policy of reservation but there are countless persons devoid of this policy. Mini backward class people, who are financially sound, Derive the benefits while others, who really need the benefits, are devoid of opportunities. One more think worthy thing is that politicians have adopted this policy as a means of vote bank. Such politicians extend after extension of reservation policy so that they may win votes in elections.
The creamy layer has been receiving the benefits of reservation for decades. The apex court understood where the fault was and it excluded the creamy layer from the scope of reservation. Now there is no benefit of reservation in promotion. According to the decision of the Supreme Court, the total reservation kind exceeded 50%. India got freedom in 1947. Six decades have passed since India was declared an independent country. People belonging to lower castes and those belonging to the upper class have long been fighting against each other. The reservation policy has created discrimination. It has given birth to conflict between one group and another. Our constitution promises equal rights of opportunity but unfortunately there are no equal rights for opportunity. Thus, this policy is a failure.
Now, the question arises whether reservation for the lower class is fair or not. people may have different ideas regarding it. As highly qualified persons and Scholars think, reservation for lower class is necessary but for a brief period. Even constitution makers were of the same opinion. This is why there was a provision of reservation for an initial period of 10 years. Backward class people should be given financial aids and other necessary opportunities so that they may rise to the level of forward class. People from the forward class shouldn’t be deprived of opportunities. The lower class can be lifted if they are given education. Education itself will solve their problem.
If necessary, reservation should be given to those who are really backward. It should never be given to the creamy layer. The creamy layer had been enjoying the benefits of reservation for a long time. thanks to the apex court that deprives the creamy layer from the benefits of reservation. Backwardness causes social evils. arouses an inferiority complex. It creates conflict between one person and another, between one group and another. So, the elimination of backwardness is so necessary. A socially and economically backward person must be helped. Should be given economic and social help for his upliftment.
We can conclude by saying that the reservation for lower class is necessary but not for unlimited time. If the people from lower class enjoy the benefits of reservation for a long time, they will be mentally backward and they won’t be able to go to the medical field, the field of science and technology and will not participate in development role of the country. In the modern age they will be totally unfit for technical jobs.
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